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BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA


Bosnia and Herzegovina or simplified Bosnia a country located in Southeast in Europe on Balkan Peninsula. Bosnia capital city is Sarajevo with population estimated of 453,000 people. Bosnia borders with Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia have coastline on the Adriatic Sea and in the interior geographically is mostly mountains. The inner parts have continental climate with cold and snowy winters and hot summers and Mediterranean climate in coastline. This country has a quite history through the Ottoman Empire where was a Kingdom of Bosnia to Austro Hungarian Monarchy and World War I, then it was a part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the most important happening when Bosnia proclaimed independence from Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which is followed by Bosnian war lasting from 1992 to 1995. Today is all new life there with unique cultural heritage, cuisine, music, architecture and natural beauty. Most important events are Sarajevo Jazz Festival and Sarajevo Film Festival. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature and three members Presidency, but central governments power is high limited and the country is decentralized.  Official language is Bosnia’s but in minority are Croatian and Serbian language.


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GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION:

Capital town:

Sarajevo

Largest city:

Sarajevo

Official languages:

Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Area:

51,197 km2

Population:

3,791,622 (2012)


Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina