Florence the capital city of the Italian Tuscany region who lies on the river Arno is the cultural centre of Italy,  it is crowded with wonderful buildings, galleries, world class art treasures, late medieval city surely demonstrates its importence in cultural development of Europe, architectular jewl of Florence is cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore known as Duomo (a Gothic masterpiece), inside the cathedral are beatiful frescoes made by some of Italys greatest artists, the Campanile tower and the Baptistery are open to tourists and provide eexcellent views over the city, in the Piazza della Signoria is the awe-inspiring Fountain of Neptune, among many Renaissance architectular most famous are Brunelleschis Ospedale degli Innocenti, the Pazzi chapel in church of Santa Croce, Michelangelos work at San Lorenzo and the Lanrentian Library, two major art galleries are Uffizi and Pitti Palace, Boboli Gardens displays whole host of interesting sculptures, Ponte Vecchio, the Loggi a dei Lanzi is open air sculptures, churches: San Miniato al Monte, Santa Maria Novella, Santo Spirito, Orsanmichele.